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All about hemorrhoids external hemorrhoids internal hemorrhoids causes of hemorrhoids complications of hemorrhoids symptoms of hemorrhoids diagnosis of hemorrhoids hemorrhoids treatment hemorrhoids medications hemorrhoids relief hemorrhoids surgery rubber band ligation alternative treatment for hemorrhoids prevention of hemorrhoids hemorrhoids during pregnancy Articles in anal and rectal disorders - anal fissure anal itching anorectal abscess ostomy pilonidal disease proctitis rectal prolapse imperforate anus hemorrhoids

How are hemorrhoids diagnosed?

Unless there is rectal bleeding, most people with hemorrhoids can diagnose and treat the problem themselves. Diagnosis begins with a visual examination of the anus, followed by an internal examination during which the doctor carefully inserts a gloved and lubricated finger into the anus. The doctor may also use an anoscope, a small tube that allows him or her to see into the anal canal. Under some circumstances the doctor may wish to check for other problems by using a sigmoidoscope or colonoscope, a flexible instrument that allows inspection of the lower colon (in the case of the sigmoidoscope) or the entire colon (in the case of the colonoscope). A thorough evaluation and proper diagnosis by the doctor is important any time bleeding from the rectum or blood in the stool occurs. Bleeding may also be a symptom of other digestive diseases, including colorectal cancer. The doctor will examine the anus and rectum to look for swollen blood vessels that indicate hemorrhoids and will also perform a digital rectal exam with a gloved, lubricated finger to feel for abnormalities. Closer evaluation of the rectum for hemorrhoids requires an exam with an anoscope, a hollow, lighted tube useful for viewing internal hemorrhoids, or a proctoscope, useful for more completely examining the entire rectum. To rule out other causes of gastrointestinal bleeding, the doctor may examine the rectum and lower colon (sigmoid) with sigmoidoscopy or the entire colon with colonoscopy. Sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are diagnostic procedures that also involve the use of lighted, flexible tubes inserted through the rectum.

More information on hemorrhoids

What are hemorrhoids? - Hemorrhoids are clusters of veins in the anus, just under the membrane that lines the lowest part of the rectum and anus.
What are external hemorrhoids? - External hemorrhoids are those that occur outside of the anal verge. External hemorrhoids are often fairly painful.
What are internal hemorrhoids? - Internal hemorrhoids are those that occur inside the rectum. Untreated internal hemorrhoids can lead to two severe forms of hemorrhoids: prolapsed and strangulated hemorrhoids.
What causes hemorrhoids? - The causes of hemorrhoids include genetic predisposition, excessive time and straining during bowel movements, and chronic bowel straining.
What are the complications of hemorrhoids? - Hemorrhoids can produce several uncomfortable, but non-serious problems. Hemorrhoids can ooze fresh red blood.
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids? - Symptoms of hemorrhoids include fissures, fistulae, abscesses, or irritation and itching. Hemorrhoids can bleed after a bowel movement.
How are hemorrhoids diagnosed? - Diagnosis of hemorrhoids begins with a visual examination of the anus, followed by an internal examination.
What're the treatments for hemorrhoids? - Treatment of hemorrhoids varies depending on where they are, what problems they are causing, and how serious they are.
What hemorrhoids medications are available? - Local anesthetics temporarily relieve the pain, burning, and itching. Antiseptics inhibit the growth of bacteria and other organisms.
How to relieve hemorrhoids symptoms? - Hemorrhoids can often be effectively dealt with by dietary and lifestyle changes. Exercising, losing excess weight also helps.
What is the hemorrhoids surgery? - Surgery to remove the hemorrhoids may be used if other treatments fail. Rubber band ligation can be used to treat internal hemorrhoids.
What is rubber band ligation? - Rubber band ligation is an outpatient treatment for second-degree internal hemorrhoids. Rubber band ligation is a popular procedure.
What is the alternative treatment for hemorrhoids? - To prevent hemorrhoids by strengthening the veins of the anus, rectum, and colon, they recommend blackberries, blueberries, cherries, vitamin C.
How to prevent hemorrhoids? - Prevention of hemorrhoids includes drinking more fluids, eating more fiber, exercising, practicing better posture, and reducing bowel movement strain and time.
Hemorrhoids during pregnancy - Constipation combined with the increased pressure on the rectum and perineum is the primary reason that pregnant women experience hemorrhoids. 
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