What're the treatment options to cure hemorrhoids?
Local anesthetics temporarily relieve the pain, burning, and itching by numbing the nerve endings. The use of these products should be limited to the peri-anal area and lower anal canal. Local anesthetics can cause allergic reactions with burning and itching (similar to hemorrhoids themselves). Thus, if burning and itching increase with the application of
anesthetics, they should be discontinued.
Vasoconstrictors are chemicals that resemble epinephrine, a naturally-occurring chemical. Applied to the anus, vasoconstrictors make the blood vessels become smaller, which reduces some of the swelling. They also may reduce pain and itching due to their mild anesthetic effect. Vasoconstrictors applied to the peri-anal area - unlike vasoconstrictors that are taken orally or by injection - have a low likelihood of causing serious side effects, such as high blood pressure, nervousness, tremor, sleeplessness, and aggravation of diabetes or hyperthyroidism.
Protectants prevent irritation of the peri-anal area by forming a physical barrier on the skin that prevents contact of the irritated skin with aggravating liquid or stool from the rectum. This barrier reduces irritation, itching, pain, and burning. There are many products that are themselves protectants or that contain a protectant in addition to other medications.
Astringents cause coagulation (clumping) of proteins in the cells of the peri-anal skin or the lining of the anal canal. This action promotes dryness of the skin, which in turn helps relieve burning, itching, and pain.
Antiseptics inhibit the growth of bacteria and other organisms. However, it is unclear whether antiseptics are any more effective than soap and water.
Keratolytics are chemicals that cause the outer layers of skin or other tissues to disintegrate. The rationale for their use is that the disintegration allows medications that are applied to the anus and peri-anal area to penetrate into the deeper tissues.
Analgesic/anesthetic products relieve pain, discomfort, and burning by depressing receptors on nerves.
More information on hemorrhoids
What are hemorrhoids? - Hemorrhoids are clusters of veins in the anus, just under the membrane that lines the lowest part of the rectum and anus.
What are external hemorrhoids? - External hemorrhoids are those that occur outside of the anal verge. External hemorrhoids are often fairly painful.
What are internal hemorrhoids? - Internal hemorrhoids are those that occur inside the rectum. Untreated internal hemorrhoids can lead to two severe forms of hemorrhoids: prolapsed and strangulated hemorrhoids.
What causes hemorrhoids? - The causes of hemorrhoids include genetic predisposition, excessive time and straining during bowel movements, and chronic bowel straining.
What are the complications of hemorrhoids? - Hemorrhoids can produce several uncomfortable, but non-serious problems. Hemorrhoids can ooze fresh red blood.
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids? - Symptoms of hemorrhoids include fissures, fistulae, abscesses, or irritation and itching. Hemorrhoids can bleed after a bowel movement.
How are hemorrhoids diagnosed? - Diagnosis of hemorrhoids begins with a visual examination of the anus, followed by an internal examination.
What're the treatments for hemorrhoids? - Treatment of hemorrhoids varies depending on where they are, what problems they are causing, and how serious they are.
What hemorrhoids medications are available? - Local anesthetics temporarily relieve the pain, burning, and itching. Antiseptics inhibit the growth of bacteria and other organisms.
How to relieve hemorrhoids symptoms? - Hemorrhoids can often be effectively dealt with by dietary and lifestyle changes. Exercising, losing excess weight also helps.
What is the hemorrhoids surgery? - Surgery to remove the hemorrhoids may be used if other treatments fail. Rubber band ligation can be used to treat internal hemorrhoids.
What is rubber band ligation? - Rubber band ligation is an outpatient treatment for second-degree internal hemorrhoids. Rubber band ligation is a popular procedure.
What is the alternative treatment for hemorrhoids? - To prevent hemorrhoids by strengthening the veins of the anus, rectum, and colon, they recommend blackberries, blueberries, cherries, vitamin C.
How to prevent hemorrhoids? - Prevention of hemorrhoids includes drinking more fluids, eating more fiber, exercising, practicing better posture, and reducing bowel movement strain and time.
Hemorrhoids during pregnancy - Constipation combined with the increased pressure on the rectum and perineum is the primary reason that pregnant women experience hemorrhoids.