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Hemorrhoids during pregnancy

Hemorrhoids are swollen, enlarged veins that sit just inside or outside the anal opening. These blood vessels lie just under the surface of the skin, and can lead to irritation of the skin and occasionally bleeding with bowel movements. Hemorrhoids are related to constipation. Constipation combined with the increased pressure on the rectum and perineum is the primary reason that women experience hemorrhoids. Prolonged standing and advanced maternal age may also be factors

contributing to hemorrhoids. The uterus puts pressure on the veins that bring blood back from the lower body to the heart, at the same time as the pregnancy hormone progesterone relaxes the walls of the veins. This combination causes the veins in the lower half of the body to swell. Gravity adds to this effect if you stand or sit for long periods of time. Increased abdominal pressure, like pushing out a hard bowel movement (or a baby) can also inflate these veins.

The pregnant women can relieve hemorrhoids by home or medical therapies. Take a sitz bath for ten to 20 minutes several times a day, or whenever you can. You don't have to run a bath in the tub -Avoid constipation, which will cause you to push harder when going to the bathroom. drug stores sell small plastic tubs that you can fill with warm water and position over your toilet, allowing you to submerge your rectal area by just lowering your pants and sitting down. Soaking in warm water can be very soothing. Some women find comfort with an ice pack or cold compresses medicated with witch hazel, while others swear by a heating pad. Try alternating hot and cold treatments; start with an ice pack followed by a warm sitzbath. Use soft, unscented, white toilet tissue, which causes less irritation than colored, scented brands. Moistening the tissue can help, too. Many women find wiping with special medicated moist towelettes more comfortable than using toilet tissue. On rare occasions, if a large clot forms in the dilated vein, surgery is done during pregnancy. These clots are very painful, but the surgical procedure to remove them is relatively minor. The procedure is done with local anesthesia in the office or hospital.

More information on hemorrhoids

What are hemorrhoids? - Hemorrhoids are clusters of veins in the anus, just under the membrane that lines the lowest part of the rectum and anus.
What are external hemorrhoids? - External hemorrhoids are those that occur outside of the anal verge. External hemorrhoids are often fairly painful.
What are internal hemorrhoids? - Internal hemorrhoids are those that occur inside the rectum. Untreated internal hemorrhoids can lead to two severe forms of hemorrhoids: prolapsed and strangulated hemorrhoids.
What causes hemorrhoids? - The causes of hemorrhoids include genetic predisposition, excessive time and straining during bowel movements, and chronic bowel straining.
What are the complications of hemorrhoids? - Hemorrhoids can produce several uncomfortable, but non-serious problems. Hemorrhoids can ooze fresh red blood.
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids? - Symptoms of hemorrhoids include fissures, fistulae, abscesses, or irritation and itching. Hemorrhoids can bleed after a bowel movement.
How are hemorrhoids diagnosed? - Diagnosis of hemorrhoids begins with a visual examination of the anus, followed by an internal examination.
What're the treatments for hemorrhoids? - Treatment of hemorrhoids varies depending on where they are, what problems they are causing, and how serious they are.
What hemorrhoids medications are available? - Local anesthetics temporarily relieve the pain, burning, and itching. Antiseptics inhibit the growth of bacteria and other organisms.
How to relieve hemorrhoids symptoms? - Hemorrhoids can often be effectively dealt with by dietary and lifestyle changes. Exercising, losing excess weight also helps.
What is the hemorrhoids surgery? - Surgery to remove the hemorrhoids may be used if other treatments fail. Rubber band ligation can be used to treat internal hemorrhoids.
What is rubber band ligation? - Rubber band ligation is an outpatient treatment for second-degree internal hemorrhoids. Rubber band ligation is a popular procedure.
What is the alternative treatment for hemorrhoids? - To prevent hemorrhoids by strengthening the veins of the anus, rectum, and colon, they recommend blackberries, blueberries, cherries, vitamin C.
How to prevent hemorrhoids? - Prevention of hemorrhoids includes drinking more fluids, eating more fiber, exercising, practicing better posture, and reducing bowel movement strain and time.
Hemorrhoids during pregnancy - Constipation combined with the increased pressure on the rectum and perineum is the primary reason that pregnant women experience hemorrhoids. 
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