What're the complications of liver transplantation?
There are several complications that can affect a recipient of a liver transplant. Some of these can occur right after the surgery and others can occur at any time for the rest of the person's life. Taking immunosuppressant medications makes a person more susceptible to infection. Major bleeding is common after transplantation because the new liver hasn't had enough time to make enough blood clotting proteins. Most liver transplant recipients need a blood transfusion along with their operation. Some may need a second operation within 24 to 48 hours to control major bleeding. Sometimes the major vessels that supply blood to the liver become blocked, or clot off. This can lead to sudden liver failure and the need for another liver transplant. Sometimes the connection between the bile duct and the intestine doesn't heal properly and bile leaks out. Or, sometimes scar tissue blocks the bile duct and bile is unable to flow. The body's normal response to a transplanted organ is to reject it. Even though they take medications to prevent rejection, most recipients will have one or more episodes of rejection. These are treated by increasing the dose of the medication or switching to a different medication. Cancer is another long-term problem with immunosuppressant medications. The most common cancers that develop are skin cancer and lymphoma, a cancer of the white blood cells.
All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005