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What is proctitis?

Proctitis is inflammation of the lining of the rectum, called the rectal mucosa. Proctitis can be short term (acute) or long term (chronic). Proctitis has many causes. It may be a side effect of medical treatments like radiation therapy or antibiotics. Diseases like ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and sexually transmitted diseases may also cause proctitis. Other causes include rectal injury, bacterial infection, allergies, and malfunction of the nerves in the rectum.

Both infectious and non-infectious causes are responsible for the symptoms associated with proctitis. Trauma to the rectum due to anal intercourse or objects inserted in the rectum are common non-infectious causes. Sexually transmittable diseases infections (gonorrhea, herpes, syphilis, rectal warts, and chlamydia) are responsible for the majority of cases of proctitis.

More information on proctitis

What is proctitis? - Proctitis is inflammation of the lining of the rectum, called the rectal mucosa. Proctitis can be short term (acute) or long term (chronic).
What is ulcerative proctitis? - Ulcerative proctitis refers to a common subcategory of ulcerative colitis, in which bowel inflammation is limited to the rectum.
What causes proctitis? - Proctitis is caused most often by sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes simplex (genital herpes), candidiasis, and chlamydia.
What're the symptoms of proctitis? - Discharge of blood and mucus and intense pain in the area of the rectum and anus are all signs of proctitis. Other symptoms include cramping, lower back pain.
How is proctitis diagnosed? - Proctitis is diagnosed by a patient history and physical examination. It is confirmed by a proctoscopy.
What're the treatments for proctitis? - In addition to conventional treatments, acupuncture, herbs, and nutritional supplements, such as omega-3 fatty acids and magnesium, may also provide relief from the symptoms of proctitis.
How to prevent proctitis? - Several steps can be taken to prevent the development of proctitis. Avoiding anal intercourse may prevent proctitis from being spread by sexual transmission. 
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005