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What is rubber band ligation?

Rubber band ligation is an outpatient treatment for second-degree internal hemorrhoids. In this procedure, a small band is applied to the base of the hemorrhoid, stopping the blood supply to the hemorrhoidal mass. The hemorrhoid will then

shrivel and die within 7 to 10 days. The shriveled hemorrhoid and band will fall off during normal bowel movements. Rubber band ligation is a popular procedure, as it involves less pain than surgical treatments of hemorrhoids, as well as a shorter recovery period. Its success rate is between 60 and 80%.

Rubber band ligation procedure is as follows:

  • Pre-treatment diganosis and prescribed medications: After diagnosis of the second-degree hemorrhoid, antibiotics are often prescribed, especially to patients with immune deficiency or other medical condtions.
  • Positioning: The patient is laid down on the left side, with knees drawn up and buttocks projecting over the operating table.
  • Application of the band: A proctoscope is inserted into the anal opening. The hemorrhoid is grasped by forceps and maneuvered into the cylindrical opening of the ligator. The ligator is then pushed up against the base of the hemorrhoid, and the rubber band is applied.
  • More information on hemorrhoids

    What are hemorrhoids? - Hemorrhoids are clusters of veins in the anus, just under the membrane that lines the lowest part of the rectum and anus.
    What are external hemorrhoids? - External hemorrhoids are those that occur outside of the anal verge. External hemorrhoids are often fairly painful.
    What are internal hemorrhoids? - Internal hemorrhoids are those that occur inside the rectum. Untreated internal hemorrhoids can lead to two severe forms of hemorrhoids: prolapsed and strangulated hemorrhoids.
    What causes hemorrhoids? - The causes of hemorrhoids include genetic predisposition, excessive time and straining during bowel movements, and chronic bowel straining.
    What are the complications of hemorrhoids? - Hemorrhoids can produce several uncomfortable, but non-serious problems. Hemorrhoids can ooze fresh red blood.
    What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids? - Symptoms of hemorrhoids include fissures, fistulae, abscesses, or irritation and itching. Hemorrhoids can bleed after a bowel movement.
    How are hemorrhoids diagnosed? - Diagnosis of hemorrhoids begins with a visual examination of the anus, followed by an internal examination.
    What're the treatments for hemorrhoids? - Treatment of hemorrhoids varies depending on where they are, what problems they are causing, and how serious they are.
    What hemorrhoids medications are available? - Local anesthetics temporarily relieve the pain, burning, and itching. Antiseptics inhibit the growth of bacteria and other organisms.
    How to relieve hemorrhoids symptoms? - Hemorrhoids can often be effectively dealt with by dietary and lifestyle changes. Exercising, losing excess weight also helps.
    What is the hemorrhoids surgery? - Surgery to remove the hemorrhoids may be used if other treatments fail. Rubber band ligation can be used to treat internal hemorrhoids.
    What is rubber band ligation? - Rubber band ligation is an outpatient treatment for second-degree internal hemorrhoids. Rubber band ligation is a popular procedure.
    What is the alternative treatment for hemorrhoids? - To prevent hemorrhoids by strengthening the veins of the anus, rectum, and colon, they recommend blackberries, blueberries, cherries, vitamin C.
    How to prevent hemorrhoids? - Prevention of hemorrhoids includes drinking more fluids, eating more fiber, exercising, practicing better posture, and reducing bowel movement strain and time.
    Hemorrhoids during pregnancy - Constipation combined with the increased pressure on the rectum and perineum is the primary reason that pregnant women experience hemorrhoids. 
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