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What's the treatment for vomiting?

Treatment for vomiting (regardless of age or cause) includes drinking gradually larger amounts of clear liquids, avoiding solid food until the vomiting episode has passed, resting and temporarily discontinuing all oral medications, which can irritate the stomach and make vomiting worse. If vomiting and diarrhea last more than 24 hours, an oral rehydrating solution

should be used to prevent and treat dehydration.

Children should be given oral rehydration solutions such as Pedialyte, Rehydrate, Resol, and Rice-Lyte. Cola, tea, fruit juice, and sports drinks will not correctly replace fluid or electrolytes lost from vomiting. Nor will plain water. For breastfed babies, breastmilk is usually best. Formula-fed babies usually need clear liquids. In addition, plain water will not replace electrolytes and may dilute electrolytes to the point of seizures. In underdeveloped nations or regions without available commercial pediatric drinks, the World Health Organization has established a field recipe for fluid rehydration: Mix 2 tablespoons of sugar (or honey) with ¼ teaspoon of table salt and ¼ teaspoon of baking soda. (Baking soda may be substituted with ¼ teaspoon of table salt.) Mix in 1 liter (1 qt) of clean or previously boiled water. After your infant goes more than 8 hours without vomiting, you can reintroduce formula slowly to your infant. Start with small (1/2 to 1 ounce), more frequent feeds and slowly work up to your infant's normal feeding routine. If your infant already eats rice or cereal, it's ok to start solid feedings in small amounts again. If your infant is exclusively breast-feeding, and vomits (not just spits up, but vomits what seems like the entire feed) more than once, then breast-feed 5 to 10 minutes on one side every 2 hours. If your infant is still vomiting, then call your infant's doctor. After 8 hours without vomiting, breast-feeding can resume normally on both sides.

Although adults and adolescents have a larger electrolyte reserve than children, electrolyte imbalance and dehydration may still occur as fluid is lost through vomiting. Severe symptoms and dehydration usually develop as complications of medication use or chronic diseases such as diabetes or kidney failure. But symptoms may occur in healthy people. Initially, adults should eat ice chips and clear, noncaffeinated, nondairy liquids such as Gatorade, ginger ale, fruit juices, and Kool-Aid or other commercial drink mixes. After 24 hours of fluid diet without vomiting, begin a soft-bland solid diet such as the BRAT diet: bananas, rice, applesauce without sugar, toast, pasta, and potatoes.

More information on vomiting

What is vomiting? - Vomiting (or emesis) is the forceful expulsion through the mouth of the contents of one's stomach. Vomiting is a mechanism for expelling ingested illness-causing food poisons.
What causes vomiting? - Vomiting may be triggered by stimuli which might indicate the possibility of poisoning, such as motion sickness, or sight of decayed food, or other people vomiting.
How is vomiting diagnosed? - Examination of the micro-fungal content of vomit can be a means of indentifying illness. Also known as vomitus, vomit contains a high concentration of hydronium.
Infant and child vomiting - Vomiting can be part of many illnesses in children and babies. Vomiting is common for babies and young children. Vomiting occurs when food is brought back up from the stomach.
What's the treatment for vomiting? - Treatment for vomiting includes drinking gradually larger amounts of clear liquids, avoiding solid food, resting and temporarily discontinuing all oral medications.
How to prevent vomiting? - Vomiting can be prevented by drinking small amounts of clear, sweetened liquids such as soda pop, fruit juices and popsicles. Live a hygienic life to avoid bad bacteria infections.
Nausea and vomiting - Nausea is the sensation of unease and discomfort from the stomach, with the sufferers feeling that they may vomit. Nausea and vomiting are controlled by the same parts of the brain. 
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005